KL7UW

2m - EME

  SEE MY 2M EME LOG (pdf)

  Here are pictures of my 144-MHz antenna array (click to see larger image):
  • Moonrise Nov. 22, 2010 0200z, az=53, el=5
  • Looking up at the Tower during assembly - 2006
  • The 144-MHz Array - QRV!
  • Close up of EME Array
  • Waiting for antenna support masts and antenna - 2006
  • Four M2 2m-xpol-20 yagis waiting for installation - 2006
  • EME yagis mounted, tested, and waiting for raising to tower top
  • Another View of EME Array
Photos at the old QTH: My array consists of four x-yagis mounted in the vertical/horizontal or "+" position. They are model 2m-xpol-20's made by M2. The 12 by 12-foot"H-Frame" is also made by M2. The array gain is 19.2 dBd (21.3 dBi) with this spacing. Using both vertical and horizontal polarity gives my small, standard-sized, moon-bounce array the ability to adapt to Faraday polarity shifts in the ionosphere. The eme array is mounted on my custom-designed elevation bearing mount which utilizes a satellite-dish actuator-arm (jack-screw). The azimuth mast is rotated with a Ham-IV rotator. All is raised to the top of the 50-foot Rohn-25 tower on a Hazer H4 "cage". This permits maintenance to be performed at ground level by lowering the cage and array. The Hazer uses a hand winch and wire rope over a pulley at the tower top to accomplish this. The 2-meter station consists of an Elecraft K3 followed by a DEMI 144/28 MHz transverter driving a W6PO design 8877 linear amplifier that runs 1400 watts output with a SWR of 1.06 at 144.100 MHz. Approximately 1000 watts is delivered to the antennas after taking into account cable losses. The receiver is preceded by two preamps and three coax relays all housed in a weather-tight enclosure attached to the Hazer cage. The horizontal elements of each yagi are connected via 18-foot runs of Times Microwave LMR-400 coax cable to a M2 4-way divider. A 10-foot LMR-400UF jumper connects the divider to the horizontal polarity T/R relay (K1) feeding the WA2ODO preamp (0.05 dB Noise Figure, 25.3 dB gain). In a similar way the vertical elements of each yagi are fed to an identical T/R relay (K2) and to another WA2ODO preamp (0.04 dB Noise Figure, 26.7 dB gain). NARDA relays are used for K1 and K2 rated for 1400w with 80-dB isolation. The transmit ports of both the vertical-pol. T/R switch and the Horizontal-pol. T/R switch are connected to a third coax relay (K3) that choses which polarity is used in transmiting. This is then connected via 50-foot of LMR-600 and 100-foot of 1-5/8 inch hardline to the transmiter amplifier in the radio room. Total transmission line loss is 1.7 dB. SWR averages 1.24. The preamps are followed by 50-feet of LMR-240 and 100-feet of LMR-400 feedline with 3.1 dB total loss. In the radio shack is the Dual-receive 144/28 MHz transverter that feeds the Elecraft K3. With this receiver system I may chose transmit and receive polarity independently, providing a good match of reception for whatever polarity signals are received back from the Moon. I estimate my overall system NF is about 0.5 dB. July, 2016 - Update: To simplify the sma relays were removed in 2015 but RG-142 cables retained to couple TR relays direct to the preamps. Also a NARDA relay replaced the Tohtsu CX-600NL after it failed. This switches the transmission line from 2m to microwave bands. A following CX-600NL choses either 1296 or 900 MHz routing the transmit drive to 50w amplifiers for either band. A new LMR-600 coax line was installed to replace LMR-600 which filled with water and developed corrosion. 2016 decided to upgrade the lower end of the LMR-600 with a 7/16 DIN connector. 1-5/8 inch Heliax will also get a 7/16 DIN connector. This will provide improved connection for high power and microwave. Aug, 2011 - Update: After losing three preamps in July, I decided to add two sma relays (HP33111) to offer more isolation for the peramps. Both sma relays measure >74 dB isolation. I added silver shield RG-142 cable from the relay to the preamp inputs for better shielding. Also preamp dc power is conducted via RG-58 from the ground control cable junction box to minimize RF pickup on the power leads. A RF choke bypassed by 100pF was added to each preamp. The new reLays terminate the preamps into 50-ohms in transmit mode. NARDA TR relays were measured for isolation and show 119-dB. June, 2011 - Update: System cable loss testing (see photo, below) resulted in replacement of four LMR-400 phasing lines that had become lossy due to moisture intrusion under the shield braid. This led to oxidation of the aluminum shield taped to the outside of the center insulation (see photo, below). Major testing and repairs took nearly three weeks. LMR-400 jumpers in the shack and on the cable run were either eliminated or upgraded with LMR-600 resulting in a reduction of transmission line loss by 0.11 dB to 1.71 dB. All coax lines were measured for SWR and loss. Line loss ahead of preamps was measured with an effecitve line loss of 0.49 dB which agrees with my calculated estimate of 0.5 dB. This results in a system NF = 0.56 dB and system MDS of -174 dBm (at 100-Hz bandwidth). Photos: March, 2011 - Update: Purchase of an Elecraft-K3 transciever with dual-Rx in 2010. A second set of preamps and an a DEMI 144/28 dual-receive transverter enable full dual-polarity receive using Linrad. Addition of two LP-Pan I/Q receivers enable wideband display and decoding of JT-65 signal over a 90-KHz bandwidth (see revised diagram, below). Full implementation of this will be accomplished in 2011. January, 2007 - Update: I am building a 144-MHz to 28-MHz transverter to be used with the new SDR-IQ receiver board producing a 190-KHz wide spectral display. New software under development by K1JT called MAP65 combines the properties of Linrad and JT65. Using the SDR-IQ as input to MAP65 will provide me full coverage of the 2m EME sub-band using random JT65 operation. This is new technology still under development. 144-MHz EME Station Block diagram showing Adaptive Polarity Reception. Prior 144-MHz EME Station Block diagram that had H/V switching. 144 EME New LNA/TR Box schematic diagram NEW! 144 EME Tower Box schematic diagram 900 Tower Box schematic diagram 1296 Tower Box schematic diagram EME Tower Box has been wired to add a NARDA SEM123N relay for switching between 144-eme and 900/1296 MHz equipment. A second coax relay selects either the 900 MHz PA or the 1296 MHz PA to provide drive. A third enclosure was installed above the EME Box to install 50w 1296 PA, preamps, and TR Relay. The 900 MHz PA has its own enclosure. 2M-EME QSL cards
  • 1999 QSL
  • 2004 QSL
  • 2007 QSL
  • New Card For 2011
I built a 8877 power amplifier from the design of W6PO using the Triode Board by G3SEK. I am using a surplus HV power supply running 3700 volt - 710 mA driving with 50w results in 1400 watts RF output from the 8877. The station is controlled using a Downeast Microwave sequencer. It is controlled by the computer for CW keying and use of JT65. Please see my new webpage on Meteor Scatter. 2m-EME Cost spreadsheet or the the pdf version, for my station for those contemplating building a dual-polarity adaptive reception eme station. Please check back as more is added on this page!
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